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Recent polls show that ranks of secular Jewish minority in Israel continued to drop in 2009. Conservative Judaism and Reform Judaism are represented among Israeli Jews.According to The Israel Democracy Institute, as of 2013, approximately 8 percent of Israel’s Jewish population "identified" with Reform and Conservative Judaism, a study by Pew Research Center showed 5% did, while a Midgam survey showed that one third "especially identified with Progressive Judaism", almost as many as those who especially identify with Orthodox Judaism.Nevertheless, some breaches of the status quo have become prevalent, such as several suburban malls remaining open during the Sabbath.Though this is contrary to the law, the government largely turns a blind eye.At the same time, there is also a significant movement in the opposite direction toward a secular lifestyle.
A Gallup survey in 2015 determined that 65% of Israelis say they are either "not religious" or "convinced atheists", while 30% say they are "religious".The Chief Rabbinate strongly opposes the Reform and Conservative movements, saying they are "uprooting Judaism", that they cause assimilation and that they have “no connection” to authentic Judaism.The chief rabbinate's view does not reflect the majority viewpoint of Israeli Jews, however.For example, some individuals who would be considered Jewish under halakha are excluded from the rights under the Law of Return - e.g.those who converted to another religion; while others are entitled to immigration though they are not considered Jewish under halakha, e.g.
Many parts of the "status quo" have been challenged by secular Israelis regarding the Chief Rabbinate's strict control over Jewish weddings, Jewish divorce proceedings, conversions, and the question of who is a Jew for the purposes of immigration.